Vite is a modern front-end build tool, that has gained popularity in the web development community for its fast build times and simplicity.

When combined with TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript, it offers a great development environment with type checking and advanced features.

This article delves into how to configure Vite in a project using TypeScript, streamlining the development process with efficient build and automatic file monitoring.

What is Vite?

Vite is a build tool that significantly improves the developer experience by offering faster build times, primarily by leveraging ES modules.

It features out-of-the-box support for TypeScript, JSX, CSS and hot module replacement (HMR).

Installing Vite

To start using Vite with TypeScript, you first need to install Vite. Here’s how:

Create a New Project:

Open your terminal and run the following command to create a new project:

npm create vite@latest my-vite-project -- --template vanilla-ts

This command creates a new project named my-vite-project using a basic Vite template with TypeScript support.

Navigate to Your Project:

Change to the project directory:

cd my-vite-project

Install Dependencies:

Install the project dependencies:

npm install

Configuring Vite with TypeScript

Vite automatically handles most of the TypeScript configuration. However, you can customize it as per your project needs.

  1. Vite Configuration File:
    • Vite uses vite.config.ts for configuration.
    • Inside this file, you can define various options like base path, plugins, server configuration, etc.
  2. TypeScript Configuration:
    • While Vite doesn’t require a tsconfig.json file, having one is a good practice for configuring TypeScript compiler options.
    • Create a tsconfig.json in your project root if you need specific TypeScript configurations.

Enabling Automatic Compilation and File Monitoring

One of Vite’s key features is its ability to automatically recompile your code and refresh the browser as you make changes, known as Hot Module Replacement (HMR).

Start the Development Server: Run the following command to start the Vite development server:

npm run dev

This command starts a local development server with HMR enabled.

Automatic File Monitoring:

  • With the server running, Vite monitors your project files for changes.
  • When you modify a file, Vite automatically recompiles the relevant modules and updates the browser, providing an instantaneous preview of your changes.

Configuring Vite

To configure Vite and other Vue options, you edit the tsconfig.json file.

Start by importing the required modules and setting up the basic export.

import vue from '@vitejs/plugin-vue' export default { plugins: [vue()] }

Customizing the Server:

Configure the development server, set the port, enable CORS, and configure proxy settings if needed.

export default { 
    plugins: [vue()], 
        port: 3000
        cors: true
            target: ''
            changeOrigin: true
            rewrite: (path) => path.replace(/^\/api/'') 

Configuring Build Options:

Customize the build process, specify the output directory, and configure additional build options.

export default { 
    plugins: [vue()], 
      // ... server configuration 
    build: {
        outDir: 'build'
        // Externalize deps that shouldn't be bundled
        external: ['vue'], output:
        // Splitting the code into chunks 
        chunkFileNames: 'chunks/[name]-[hash].js' 

Enabling CSS Pre-Processors:

To use CSS pre-processors like SCSS, install the corresponding packages and configure them in Vite.

npm install -D sass

Then, in your Vite config:

export default { 
                additionalData: `$injectedColor: orange;` 
    // ... other configurations 

Environment Variables and Modes: Vite supports loading environment variables and setting different modes.

  • Create a .env file in your project root.
  • Define environment variables: VITE_API_URL=
  • Access them in your project: import.meta.env.VITE_API_URL

Other Plugins and Integrations: You can integrate other Vite plugins as needed, like @vitejs/plugin-legacy for legacy browser support.

Running and Building the Project

Start the Development Server:

npm run dev

Build the Project:

npm run build

Advantages of Using Vite with TypeScript

  • Fast Development Experience: Vite’s server starts almost instantly, and module updates are lightning fast.
  • TypeScript Support: Out-of-the-box support for TypeScript enhances code quality and developer productivity.
  • Less Configuration: Vite abstracts the complexities of setup and configuration, allowing developers to focus on writing code.


Vite, combined with TypeScript, provides a modern, efficient, and enjoyable development experience.

Its fast build times, automatic file monitoring, and out-of-the-box TypeScript support streamline the development process, making it a go-to choice for modern web development.

Whether you’re building a small project or a large-scale application, Vite and TypeScript together offer a powerful duo for a robust and developer-friendly environment.


Hi, my name is Stephen Finchett. I have been a software engineer for over 30 years and worked on complex, business critical, multi-user systems for all of my career. For the last 15 years, I have been concentrating on web based solutions using the Microsoft Stack including ASP.Net, C#, TypeScript, SQL Server and running everything at scale within Kubernetes.