Using Axios with Vue3 to talk to an API

Using Axios with Vue3 to talk to an API


Axios is a popular JavaScript library for making HTTP requests to servers. It is a lightweight, versatile, and easy-to-use library that is widely used in both client-side and server-side web applications.

Key Features of Axios

  • Promise-based: Axios uses the Promise API to make asynchronous HTTP requests, making it easier to chain requests and handle asynchronous operations.
  • Interceptors: Axios allows you to intercept requests and responses before they are sent or received, enabling you to add custom logic, such as logging, error handling, and authentication.
  • Automatic JSON parsing: Axios automatically parses JSON responses, making accessing your application’s data straightforward.
  • Cross-platform support: Axios works seamlessly in client-side (browser) and server-side (Node.js) environments.

Common Use Cases for Axios

  • Fetching data from APIs: Axios is ideal for making GET requests to fetch data from APIs, such as retrieving user information, product listings, or news articles.
  • Creating data on APIs: Axios can be used to make POST, PUT, or PATCH requests to create, update, or modify data on APIs.
  • Deleting data on APIs: Axios supports DELETE requests for removing data from APIs.
  • Handling file uploads: Axios can facilitate file uploads to APIs using the XMLHttpRequest or FormData options.

Benefits of Using Axios

  • Simplicity and ease of use: Axios is simple to understand and use, making it approachable for developers of all levels.
  • Versatile and powerful: Axios offers many features and customization options for making HTTP requests.
  • Widespread adoption: Axios is a popular library with a large community and extensive documentation.
  • Performance: Axios is lightweight and efficient, making it well-suited for modern web applications.

Overall, Axios is a valuable tool for making HTTP requests in web applications. Its simplicity, versatility, and performance make it a popular choice among developers.

Using Axios with Vue3 and Typescript

Using Axios with TypeScript and Vue 3 involves setting up Axios, defining response data types, and making HTTP requests from Vue components.

Install Axios: Start by installing Axios in your project using npm or yarn.

npm install axios

Define Data Types: TypeScript enables type checking for Axios responses. Create interfaces or type aliases to define the expected data structure of the responses. For instance, if your API returns a list of users, you can define an interface like this:

interface User {
  id: number;
  name: string;
  email: string;

type UserResponse = User[];

Create an Axios Instance: Create an instance of the Axios class and store it in a globally accessible variable or component property. This allows you to make HTTP requests from different parts of your application.

import axios, { AxiosInstance } from 'axios';

const apiClient: AxiosInstance = axios;

Make HTTP Requests: Use the Axios instance to make various HTTP requests, such as GET, POST, PUT, and DELETE. TypeScript provides type annotations for these methods, ensuring that the request data and response types are compatible.

GET Request:

async getUsers(): Promise<UserResponse> {
  const response = await apiClient.get('/api/users');
  return as UserResponse;

POST Request:

async createUser(userData: User): Promise<User> {
  const response = await'/api/users', userData);
  return as User;

Handle Response Types: Axios responses are instances of the AxiosResponse class, which includes properties like the statusdata, and headers. TypeScript provides type guards to ensure that you’re accessing the response data correctly:

if (response.status === 200) {
  const users: UserResponse =;
  // Process the user data

Error Handling: Use the catch clause to handle potential errors during HTTP requests. Axios responses include an error property that provides information about the error, such as the status code and message.

try {
  const users = await getUsers();
} catch (error) {
  console.error('Error fetching users:', error);

Use Axios in Vue Components: Import the Axios instance or global variable into your Vue components and use it to make HTTP requests within the component’s methods.

import { apiClient } from '@/api';

methods: {
  getUsers(): Promise<User[]> {
    return apiClient.get('/api/users');

Gracefully Handling Errors with Axios and TypeScript

Axios simplifies the process of making requests and handling the responses. However, when dealing with network operations, it’s crucial to implement robust error-handling mechanisms to ensure the application gracefully handles unforeseen issues.

Understanding Axios Errors

Axios utilizes the Promise API for asynchronous HTTP requests, making error handling straightforward. Each HTTP request made using Axios returns a Promise object. When an error occurs during the request, the Promise will be rejected, and an instance of the AxiosError class will be thrown. This class provides information about the error, including the status code, message, and request details.

TypeScript’s Role in Error Handling

TypeScript is pivotal in enhancing error handling by providing static type checking. It enables developers to define types for the responses and error objects, ensuring that the code is more consistent and less prone to runtime errors. For instance, TypeScript can automatically infer the response data type based on the API’s documentation or the request method.

Error Handling Strategies

Effective error handling involves proactively identifying potential error scenarios and implementing appropriate response mechanisms. Here are some common strategies for handling Axios errors in TypeScript:

Catching Errors with try-catch Blocks

Wrap HTTP request code in a try-catch block to intercept and handle errors. The catch block will receive the AxiosError object, allowing you to perform specific actions, such as logging the error message, displaying a user-friendly error message, or retrying the request.

try {
  const response = await axios.get('/api/users');
  // Process the response data
} catch (error) {
  console.error('Error fetching users:', error);
  // Display an error message to the user

Using Type Guards

TypeScript type guards allow you to narrow down the type of an object based on certain conditions. This can be useful for handling specific error types or accessing certain error properties. For example, you can use the instanceof operator to check if an error object is an instance of AxiosError:

try {
  const response = await axios.get('/api/users');
  // Process the response data
} catch (error: AxiosError) {
  if (error.status === 404) {
    // Handle 404 (Not Found) error

Custom Error Handling Classes

If you need more granular error handling, you can create custom error-handling classes that extend AxiosError. This lets you add properties and methods specific to your application’s error-handling needs.

class CustomError extends AxiosError {
  constructor(message: string, status: number) {
    super(message, status);

  // Custom methods for handling specific error scenarios

Error handling is an integral part of developing robust and maintainable web applications. By utilizing TypeScript’s type safety and Axios’s error handling mechanisms, developers can effectively identify, intercept, and respond to errors, ensuring a smooth and user-friendly experience for their applications.


By following these steps, you can effectively use Axios with TypeScript and Vue 3 to make type-safe and consistent API calls in your Vue 3 application.


Hi, my name is Stephen Finchett. I have been a software engineer for over 30 years and worked on complex, business critical, multi-user systems for all of my career. For the last 15 years, I have been concentrating on web based solutions using the Microsoft Stack including ASP.Net, C#, TypeScript, SQL Server and running everything at scale within Kubernetes.