Asynchronous HTTP Requests with Axios.all and TypeScript

Asynchronous HTTP Requests with Axios.all and TypeScript


Making HTTP requests to APIs is crucial for data fetching and communication between the client and server sides. Axios is a popular JavaScript library that simplifies making asynchronous HTTP requests. It also provides a method called axios.all for handling multiple concurrent requests.

Understanding axios.all with TypeScript

TypeScript, a superset of JavaScript, enhances the development process by providing static type checking and type inference. When using axios.all with TypeScript, you can define types for the request parameters, responses, and error objects to ensure type safety and maintainability.

TypeScript Interfaces for Request Parameters

Define interfaces or type aliases for the request parameters to specify the data structure expected by the API endpoints. For instance, if you’re fetching data using GET requests, define an interface for the request payload:

interface UserFilter {
  name: string;
  email: string;

const filter: UserFilter = {
  name: 'John Doe',
  email: '',

TypeScript Interfaces for Response Data

Similarly, define interfaces or type aliases for the expected response data from the APIs. For example, if the API returns a list of users, define an interface for the response object:

interface UserResponse {
  id: number;
  name: string;
  email: string;

TypeScript Interfaces for Error Objects

TypeScript also allows you to define interfaces for the error objects returned by Axios. This ensures that you handle errors with the correct type and access properties correctly:

interface AxiosError {
  status: number;
  data: any;
  headers: Headers;

Using axios.all with TypeScript

To use axios.all with TypeScript, you can pass an iterable object containing Promises or Promise properties. The resulting Promise will be resolved when all the individual requests have been completed successfully.

const apiUrls = ['', ''];

const requests: Promise<UserResponse[]> = axios.all( => axios.get<UserResponse>(url))

Handling Responses and Errors with TypeScript

When using axios.all, you can handle responses and errors using TypeScript type guards to ensure you’re accessing the correct data structures. For instance, you can check the status of the response and type guard the data property:

const responses = await requests;

if (responses.status === 200) {
  const users: UserResponse[] =;
  console.log('Successfully fetched users:', users);
} else {
  const error: AxiosError = responses.error;
  console.error('Error fetching users:', error);

Benefits of Using axios.all with TypeScript

Employing axios.all with TypeScript offers several advantages:

  1. Type Safety: TypeScript ensures the code is type-safe, preventing errors and improving code maintainability.
  2. Consistent Data Handling: TypeScript helps ensure you handle responses and errors with the correct data structures and properties, preventing runtime errors.
  3. Error Handling Clarity: TypeScript type guards enhance error handling clarity, allowing you to identify and handle errors more effectively.


Using axios.all with TypeScript provides a structured and type-safe approach to handling multiple concurrent HTTP requests, enhancing development efficiency and code reliability. By leveraging TypeScript’s features, developers can write more maintainable and bug-free code, ensuring their applications can handle concurrent requests smoothly.


Hi, my name is Stephen Finchett. I have been a software engineer for over 30 years and worked on complex, business critical, multi-user systems for all of my career. For the last 15 years, I have been concentrating on web based solutions using the Microsoft Stack including ASP.Net, C#, TypeScript, SQL Server and running everything at scale within Kubernetes.