Fix Up SQL User Access

Fix Up SQL User Access


In any SQL Server instance, user logins play a crucial role in controlling access to databases and granting permissions to perform specific actions. However, as databases evolve and user roles change, maintaining accurate and consistent user login mappings can become a challenge. In my workplace, we have a lot of test databases. We have to fix up SQL user access on our development machines all of the time.

Since Lock-Down and with our move to a hybrid working environment, our developers can’t just connect to those databases across a fast network connection and we have to copy the databases onto our developer machines. This, for us, is where the user permissions have become a problem.

This is where the sp_change_users_login stored procedure comes into play.

Purpose of sp_change_users_login

The sp_change_users_login stored procedure serves a vital purpose in managing user logins in SQL Server. It enables database administrators to link database users with SQL Server logins, ensuring that users have the proper access to databases and resources. This stored procedure is particularly useful in the following situations:

  • Linking users to existing logins: When a new user is created in a database, sp_change_users_login can be used to link that user to an existing SQL Server login, allowing the user to authenticate using their existing credentials.
  • Mapping orphaned users to logins: Orphaned users are those that are defined in a database but have no corresponding SQL Server login. Sp_change_users_login can be used to map orphaned users to appropriate logins, restoring their access to databases.
  • Fixing login mismatches: In some cases, there may be discrepancies between the database user and SQL Server login names. Sp_change_users_login can be used to correct these mismatches, ensuring that user logins are consistent across the system.

Auto_Fix Option for Efficient User Management

The sp_change_users_login stored procedure offers an optional parameter called Auto_Fix. When enabled, Auto_Fix automatically scans the current database for orphaned users and maps them to the correct logins. This option can significantly streamline the process of managing user logins, especially in large databases with a high number of users.

Using sp_change_users_login with Auto_Fix

To utilize the Auto_Fix option, you can execute the sp_change_users_login stored procedure with the following syntax:

EXEC sp_change_users_login 'Auto_Fix';

This will trigger the stored procedure to scan the current database for orphaned users and automatically link them to the appropriate SQL Server logins. This automated approach can save valuable time and effort for database administrators, especially when managing large and complex database environments.


In summary, the sp_change_users_login stored procedure with the Auto_Fix option provides a powerful tool for managing user logins in SQL Server.

It simplifies the process of linking database users to SQL Server logins, correcting login mismatches, and mapping orphaned users to appropriate logins.

By leveraging this stored procedure, database administrators can maintain a secure and consistent user access environment in their SQL

You can find the official documentation for the SP here: –


Hi, my name is Stephen Finchett. I have been a software engineer for over 30 years and worked on complex, business critical, multi-user systems for all of my career. For the last 15 years, I have been concentrating on web based solutions using the Microsoft Stack including ASP.Net, C#, TypeScript, SQL Server and running everything at scale within Kubernetes.